One study found that smokers are twice as likely to die from lung disease and to die from lung cancer as eight times higher than those who don’t smoke.
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The study presented at the European Respiratory Association International Congress showed that the risk of death from lung cancer for “social smokers” – those who smoke less than 10 cigarettes a day – no significantly lower than those who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day.
Researchers say their 17-year study shows that cutting or combining less tobacco with vaping is no substitute for quitting.
The study was conducted by Dr. Pallavi Balte and Dr. Elizabeth Oelsner, at Columbia University’s Irving Medical Center in New York.
“Everyone knows that smoking is bad for you, but it’s easy to assume that if you only smoke a little, the risk won’t be too high,” Dr. Balte told the virtual conference.
“Previous research shows that people are cutting back on smoking, for example in the US the percentage of smokers who smoke less than 10 cigarettes a day has increased from 16% to 27%.
” So we want to. Study the risks for social smokers versus non-smokers and against heavier smokers. ”
The study included 18,730 people selected from a multiracial sample of the US population. the average age is 61.
The researchers followed the population for an average of 17 years, of which 649 died from respiratory disease and 560 died from lung cancer.
Among non-smokers, the rate of people dying from respiratory disease was 1.8% and the I’ve tried everything but I can’t quit smoking shirt death rate from lung cancer was 0.6%.
Among social smokers – those who smoke less than 10 cigarettes a day – about 3.3% die from respiratory diseases and 4.7% from lung cancer.
For heavy smokers – those who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day – the I’ve tried everything but I can’t quit smoking shirt rates are 10.1% and 12.9%, respectively.
Researchers calculated mortality from respiratory disease and lung cancer and compared these rates between non-smokers, social smokers, and heavy smokers.
They took into account other factors that could affect mortality, such as age, sex, race, education level, and body weight.
Social smokers have a respiratory disease death rate of half that of heavy smokers, but their lung cancer death rate is 2/3 compared to smokers. heavy.
“You might think that if you only smoke a few cigarettes a day, you’re avoiding most of the I’ve tried everything but I can’t quit smoking shirt risks. But our findings show that smoking on social media is harmful,” said Dr. Balte. disproportionately. ”
Jorgen Vestbo, Chairman of the European Respiratory Association Advocacy Council and professor of respiratory medicine at the University of Manchester, was not involved in the study, but said: “Despite the prevalence of regular smokers It’s declining in many countries, but we should still care about people identified by society as smokers.
“Cutting down on smoking is a step in the right direction, as quitting is one of the I’ve tried everything but I can’t quit smoking shirt best ways. to protect our lungs and overall health, but there is clearly no safe level of smoking.