Since its founding in 2002, the African Union has come under pressure to address the far-reaching challenges of peace and security that the continent faces. In particular, it tried to address the limitations that its predecessor, the Organization for African Unity (OAU), faced in this area. Peace love Essential shirt, sweater
The biggest change is the shift from the so-called OAU’s so-called non-intervention stance to the AU’s more interventionist approach. This is most clearly found in Article 4 of the AU Constitutional Act.
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The AU’s African Peace and Security Architecture were established when the organization adopted the Protocol on the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council in July 2002. It is guided by the mandate of the AU and the local government. the legal intervention of this organization.
The architecture has five pillars comprising AU agencies and agencies that promote the peaceful and secure operations of the AU. Its purpose is to prevent, manage, and resolve conflicts by working collaboratively with Regional Economic Communities and Mechanisms. Hence, the peace and security architecture has a role from the early warning and conflict prevention phase to the post-conflict development phase.
The five pillars are The Peace and Security Council, the Wise Council; Continent Early Warning System; Backup Force and Peace Fund.
While not all pillars work as intended, there have been a number of success stories in which architecture is instrumental.
Peace and Security Council
The Peace and Security Council is the primary decision-making body of peace and security architecture and can make decisions on a number of sides. Including:
implements the AU’s general defense policy,
performing the Peace love Essential shirt, sweater functions of peacebuilding and construction,
authorization and oversight of peace aid missions,
recommend Article 4 (h) interventions for situations of war crime, genocide, and crimes against humanity, and
impose sanctions on unconstitutional changes of government, to name some.
Consequently, it has made many decisions since its inception with varying degrees of success. Most recently, it suspended Mali from the African Union following the Peace love Essential shirt, sweater coup that toppled President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta.